A Comprehensive Guide to the Racing Framework

Racing Framework
A Comprehensive Guide

Table of Contents

1 - Introduction
2 - Example Files
3 - Game Settings
4 - Game Settings Reference
5 - Add a Custom Vehicle
6 - Game Events
7 - How to use Game Events
8 - APIs
9 - How to use APIs in your Scripts
10 - API Practical Applications
11 - Example 1 - Button to Start Race Immediately
12 - Example 2 - Display to show the Next Track Info
13 - Example 3 - Spectator Mode
14 - API Reference
15 - APIActivePlayers
16 - APIBasicGameState
17 - APIRaceTrack


This guide is targeted towards more intermediate/advanced users who would like to start implementing custom features on top of the Racing Framework.

If you are new to Core or just started using the Racing Framework I would suggest you first go through the Documentation file that can be found in the project hierarchy of the framework.

Then go through the below tutorial first.

Example Files

An open for editing game has been published to complement this tutorial.

To download the example game go to the Create > Community Projects tab in Core and search for "Racing Framework Tutorial" and set the Sort By filter to Newest. Find the Racing Framework Tutorial game by itsjacky7 and download.

You will find all the exmaples that we create in this tutorial under the Custom Features folder in the project hierarchy. The custom vehicle can be found in the Project Content under My Templates > Cars > Mecha Ship.

Game Settings

Most of the game settings that you can configure in the Racing Framework has been exposed as Custom Properties of the group object in the project hierarchy.

For example if you want to change the lobby countdown timer or the amount of players required to start a race. You can select the Lobby Required Players group object in the hierarchy and in the properties tab, navigate to the Custom Properties section. There you'll find the settings that can be modified to your likings.

Game Settings Reference

Below is a list of all the game settings available in the Racing Framework. The list is formatted starting with the name of the Group object followed by a table of the properties associated with the group.

Show/Hide Game Settings Reference

Basic Game State Manager

Property Description Default
LobbyHasDuration Lobby phase has a maximum duration false
LobbyDuration Lobby duration (if LobbyHasDuration) 20
RoundHasDuration Round phase has a maximum duration false
RoundDuration Round duration (if RoundHasDuration) 300
RoundEndHasDuration Round end phase has a maximum duration true
RoundEndDuration Round end duration (if RoundEndHasDuration)

Lobby Required Players

Property Description Default
RequiredPlayers Number of players needed to start the countdown 1
CountdownTime Time to round after number of players join 30

Racing Round

Property Description Default
RoundEndCountdownTime 15

Race Tracks Manager

Property Description Default
StartTrackIndex 1

Race Track Vehicle Spawner

Property Description Default
DefaultVehicle Set default vehicle if player have not selected a car. Sports Car

Race Lap Time Tracker

Property Description Default
LapMessageDuration 2
WinMessageDuration 5
ShowWinRank true

Vehicle Global Camera Controller

Property Description Default
MaxFieldOfView Field of view when vehicle is moving at MaxVehicleSpeed. 125
MinFieldOfView Field of view when vehicle is moving at normal speed. 90
MaxVehicleSpeed Set the max vehicle speed at which the camera would lerp to MaxFieldOfView. 6000
Pitch -20
PositionOffset (0, 0, 100)
CameraPosition (35, 0, 60)
Stiffness 4
LookBackBinding Binding to look behind the vehicle. ability_extra_20

Track 1 Settings

Property Description Default
Waypoints Waypoints
StartingPositions Starting Positions
Vehicles Vehicles
Name Race Track Name Track 1
Laps Number of laps for this race track. 3
RoundTime Set time for race to end.This helps ensure the race eventually ends if some players stay afk during a race. 300
DefaultVehicle Set the default vehicle for this track. This will be assigned regardless of players’ vehicle choice. If AssignRandomVehicles is selected, then this property will be ignored. Sports Car
AssignRandomVehicles Ignores DefaultVehicle and assigns a random vehicle from the Vehicles list to each player before the race round starts. If the player has vehicle selected from the vehicle list, then this property ignores won’t assign a random vehicle. true
Loop Should the race track be looping? true
DEBUG_DrawPath Draw waypoint debug lines for this track. false

Race Minimap Display

Property Description Default
LineColor #6C6C6C
LineThickness 32
RotateMap true

Race Fullscreen Minimap Display

Property Description Default
LineColor #FFFFFF
LineThickness 32
RotateMap false

Vehicle Speedometer Display

Property Description Default
SpeedUnit Units are MPH (miles per hour), KMH (kilometers per hour), or CMS (centimeter per second). MPH
MaxSpeed Max speed number to be shown on the speedometer. 220
StartAngle Set needle start angle for ticks spawning. The default angle is 0. Adjust the needle panel rotation to preview the start angle. 250
TicksSegmentsCount Number of tick segments to divide the speedometer. 11
AnglePerTick Angle number to add between ticks. 20


Property Description Default
Binding ability_extra_19

Ranked Nameplates

Property Description Default
ShowOnSelf Show a nameplate on the local player. false
RankColor #FFFFFF
NameColor #0093E2
MaxDistanceToShowRank Only show rank up to this distance away. 0 means always show them. 12000
MaxDistanceToShowName Only show player names up to this distance away. 0 means always show them. 5000
Scale Overall scale factor for nameplates. 2

Message Banner

Property Description Default
DefaultDuration Default duration of a message if none is specified 3
LocalMessageSpawnOffset World local player offset to display local message on the player. 200
FadeOutDuration 0.5

Add a Custom Vehicle

To create a custom vehicle it is easiest to start by using one of the default vehicle templates available in the Core editor. You can find them in the Core Content under Game Components > Vehicles. We’ll be starting our vehicle using the Advanced Car - Sedan.

Once you’ve added the Advanced Car - Sedan to your project hierarchy we’ll start by removing all the geometry and keeping only the functional elements of the template. Select all the objects highlighted in the image below and delete them.

Select Deinstance and Delete when the popup is displayed.

Select the Advanced Car - Sedan in the hierarchy and set the Editor Indicator Visibility to Always Visible. This will help make it easier to edit by making the collision box always visible.

You should now see something like this in the Viewport.

In this guide we’ll be kitbashing a vehicle using the Mecha props (found in Core Content > 3d Objects > Props > Vehicles > Mecha).

Start by adding the wheels into the Wheels folder. We used the Mecha - Armor - Shoulder Thruster 02 for the wheels rotate and position the wheels to match up with the vehicle collision.

Then you’ll need to add the objects into a group and appropriately name them (Front Left Wheel, Front Right Wheel, Rear Left Wheel, Rear Right Wheel). The project hierarchy should look like the below image.

The reason we need to have these groups even though our wheels consist of a single object is because when we link the wheels to the vehicle. Core will reset the position and rotation of linked object (set to 0, 0, 0). By linking the group the children mesh will maintain their position and rotation as you have set in the editor.

Select the Advanced Car - Sedan in the hierarchy and lets rename it to Mecha Ship (or to your own vehicle name).

Then in the Properties, scroll down to the Wheels section. Then drag the group object of the wheels we created earlier into the corresponding Front Left Wheel, Front Right Wheel, Rear Left Wheel, Rear Right Wheel properties. So that you have something like the below image.

Then in the Geo folder you are free to kitbash anything you like for your vehicle. Just make sure that you position the vehicle within the vehicle’s collision box. We used the Mecha Ship 01 (Prop) for the vehicle.

With the vehicle selected, under the Driver section in the object properties adjust the Position Offset and Rotation Offset to where you want the player to sit on the vehicle (there is a blue colored capsule shaped gizmo that indicates the driver’s position). Alternatively, if you prefer you player hidden, enable the Hide Driver property.

Check the players position in Preview Mode and adjust to your liking.

Don’t limit yourself to just using meshes. Consider adding some Decals and Effects to your vehicle. Just make sure that you add it within the ClientContext folder of the Vehicle. For our Mecha Ship we added Rocket Trail VFX effects.

Once you are happy with your vehicle, right-click the vehicle object in the project hierarchy and select Create New Template From This. Give it the name of the vehicle (in our case Mecha Ship).

Finally, to add the custom vehicle to the game navigate to the Track Settings > Track 1 > Track 1 Settings > Vehicles group in the project hierarchy. Select and duplicate (CTRL + W) one of the Vehicle Reference object and then drag your vehicle template into the Vehicle custom property of the Vehicle Reference object. You will have to repeat this step for each of the race track that you want this vehicle to be available.

Check your custom vehicle out in Preview Mode.

Game Events

The Racing Framework scripts utilize various event broadcasts to communicate between each other such as when the state of the game has changed or been updated.

Below are some of the more useful events available that you can utilize in your own scripts.

-- Internal variables
local API = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIActivePlayers"))

-- Constant variables
local RESOURCE_NAME = "IsParticipant"

function OnPlayerResourceChanged(player, resource)
    if resource == RESOURCE_NAME then
        if API.IsPlayerActive(player) then
            Events.Broadcast(PLAYER_ACTIVE_EVENT, player)
            Events.Broadcast(PLAYER_NON_ACTIVE_EVENT, player)
Events.Broadcast("GameStateChanged", oldState, newState, stateHasDuration, stateEndTime)
Events.BroadcastToAllPlayers("GameStateChanged", oldState, newState, stateHasDuration, stateEndTime)
Events.Broadcast("RaceTrackChanged", GetCurrentRaceTrackId())
Events.Broadcast("StartRace", laps)
Events.Broadcast("EnterLobbyArea", player)
Events.Broadcast("VehicleSelected", vehicleAsset)

How to use Game Events

We can utilize these events in our own script by connecting to them. For example if you want to have a sound play when the race has ended we can connect to the EndRace event to trigger the sound to play.

function OnEndRace()

Events.Connect("EndRace", OnEndRace)


The Racing Framework is bundled with a few APIs which helps keep track of various states of the game, more importantly they can be used to retrieve and/or modify these state and thus is very useful for implementing custom features in your game.

To find the API scripts, navigate to the Project Content and type in “API” into the Search field. This will return the following 3 scripts:

  • APIActivePlayers
  • APIBasicGameState
  • APIRateTrack

How to use APIs in your Scripts

Before you can use the APIs in your scripts, there are a few things you’ll need to do first:

  1. Select your script in the project Hierarchy.
  2. Drag the API script(s) that you need from the Project Content and drop into the Add Custom Property area of your script.

E.g. RacingRoundServer script uses all 3 of the API scripts

  1. Add the below code to the top of your script. The require function is used to load the API.scripts and will make the API functions available to your script via the defined variables (AAP, ABGS, API).
local AAP = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIActivePlayers"))
local ABGS = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIBasicGameState"))
local API = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIRaceTrack"))
  1. You can then call the API functions using the variable name along with an API function name separated by a “.” character. See below for a few examples. You may refer to the API Reference section of this tutorial to find a list of the functions available in the APIs.

API Practical Applications

Now that you know how to utilize the Racing Framework APIs, lets run through a few practical examples to give you some idea on how you can implement custom features in your racing game.

Example 1 - Button to Start Race Immediately

You want to increase the lobby duration so that more players can join the race but solo players complain about having to wait too long. Lets add a start button to players can skip the countdown and start the race immediately whenever they want.

Start by creating the button geometry. Here we used some basic shapes and world text to display “Start Race” to indication what the button will do. Then add a trigger and enable interactable. You should have something like the below image.

Next, create a new script and name it StartRaceButton and drag it into the project hierarchy as a child of the trigger. Your project hierarchy should look something like the below image.

Then with the StartRaceButton script selected, add the APIBasicGameState script as a custom property.

Open the script and add the below code to the header to get reference to the API script and the trigger.

local API = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIBasicGameState"))
local trigger = script.parent

When player interacts with the trigger all we have to do to start the race is simply set the lobby countdown to zero. This can be easily accomplished using the SetTimeRemainingInState API function.

function OnInteracted(whichTrigger, other)

A problem with the above implementation is that the button will also work when a race is in progress. So when a new player joins and interacts with the start button, players currently in the race will be abruptly returned to the lobby. So to prevent this we should include a check to ensure that the game is currently in the lobby state.

function OnInteracted(whichTrigger, other)
    local gameState = API.GetGameState()

    if gameState == API.GAME_STATE_LOBBY then

The final StartRaceButton script.

local API = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIBasicGameState"))
local trigger = script.parent

function OnInteracted(whichTrigger, other)
    local gameState = API.GetGameState()

    if gameState == API.GAME_STATE_LOBBY then



Currently the start button can be triggered by anyone. So if you have multiple players in the lobby the race can be started even when someone isn’t ready. Try to implement a ready button instead so that the race starts only if everyone in the lobby is ready.

Example 2 - Display to show the Next Track Info

While players are waiting in the lobby area they currenty have no idea what the next race track will be. In this first example we’ll create a display in that will give players some information about the upcoming race track, so they can better prepare for the race.

First we’ll create the display that will hold the track info, here we used the Sci-Fi Console Screen and positioned some World Text accordingly:

  • Title

  • Track Label (hint: you can use Shift + Enter in the text input to insert a newline)

  • Track Info (with placeholder text that we’ll be replacing with our script)

Resulting in something like this:

Next we’ll create our script, create a new script and call it NextRaceTrackDisplayClient and create a new Client Context in your hierarchy and place both the script and the display geo in the Client Context folder. Your hierarchy should look something like the below image.

For this script we’ll only be using functions from the APIRaceTrack API. Add the APIRaceTrack API script and the Track Info world text as custom properties to the script

Add the custom properties to your scripts

local API = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIRaceTrack"))
local TEXT = script:GetCustomProperty("DisplayText"):WaitForObject()

If you refer to the Game Events section you’ll find an event call RaceTrackChanged, this event is broadcasted whenever a race has ended and signals when the next race track is loaded. We can connect to this event to update our display every time the race track has changed.

function OnRaceTrackChanged(currentRaceTrackId)


Events.Connect("RaceTrackChanged", OnRaceTrackChanged)

Then with access to the Race Track API we can retrieve information about the upcoming race track with the GetRaceTrackState function and simply update the track info world text with race track information returned.

local raceTrackState = API.GetRaceTrackState(currentRaceTrackId)
TEXT.text = raceTrackState["name"] .. "\n" ..
            raceTrackState["laps"] .. "\n" ..

The final NextRaceTrackDisplayClient script.

local API = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIRaceTrack"))

local TEXT = script:GetCustomProperty("DisplayText"):WaitForObject()

function OnRaceTrackChanged(currentRaceTrackId)
    local raceTrackState = API.GetRaceTrackState(currentRaceTrackId)

    TEXT.text = raceTrackState["name"] .. "\n" .. 
                raceTrackState["laps"] .. "\n" .. 

Events.Connect("RaceTrackChanged", OnRaceTrackChanged)

Thats all there is to it. Position the display where you like somewhere in the lobby area and test it out.


Try implementing a UI version of this and show information of all available race tracks instead of just the next track. (Hint there is a function called GetRaceTracks() in the APIRaceTrack that returns a table of race track ids)

Example 3 - Spectator Mode

Players waiting who joined the game while a race is in progress may get bored waiting for a race to finish. So why not let them in on the action and let them spectate the race.

In this example, we won’t be walking through it in detail as it is mostly out of scope for this tutorial. However, this example is provided as it demonstrates how you can combine and use multiple APIs and events to implement a feature.

We used a Sci-Fi terminal for the geometry with world text to display “Spectate” and a trigger to interact with. For this feature we also need a camera that overrides the player’s default camera and is used to follow the other players.

Hierarchy for the Spectator Mode component.

The SpectateRace script properties.

The SpectateRace script.

  • APIBasicGameState is used to check if a race is in progress
  • APIActivePlayers is used to get players that are participating in the race
  • And we use the PLAYER_NON_ACTIVE_EVENT event to listen to when players leave a race so we can spectate the next player or end spectating if no players are in the race
local ABGS = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIBasicGameState"))
local AAP = require(script:GetCustomProperty("APIActivePlayers"))

local trigger = script:GetCustomProperty("Trigger"):WaitForObject()
local camera = script:GetCustomProperty("Camera"):WaitForObject()
local spectateIndex = 1
local spectatePlayer = nil
local bindingPressedListener = nil
local playerNonActiveEventListener = nil

local LOCAL_PLAYER = Game.GetLocalPlayer()
local END_SPECTATE_BINDING = "ability_extra_33"
local NEXT_PLAYER_BINDING = "ability_primary"

function OnInteracted(theTrigger, player)
    local gameState = ABGS.GetGameState()

    if gameState == ABGS.GAME_STATE_ROUND then
        local activePlayers = AAP.GetActivePlayers()
        spectatePlayer = activePlayers[1]
        bindingPressedListener = LOCAL_PLAYER.bindingPressedEvent:Connect(OnBindingPressed)
        playerNonActiveEventListener = Events.Connect(PLAYER_NON_ACTIVE_EVENT, OnPlayerNonActiveEvent)

function SpectatePlayer(player)
    trigger.isInteractable = false
    camera.followPlayer = player
    LOCAL_PLAYER:SetOverrideCamera(camera, 0.2)

function SpectateEnd()
    trigger.isInteractable = true
    spectateIndex = 1
    spectatePlayer = nil

function SpectateNextPlayer(player)
    local activePlayers = AAP.GetActivePlayers()
    spectateIndex = spectateIndex + 1
    if spectateIndex > #activePlayers then
        spectateIndex = 1
    spectatePlayer = activePlayers[spectateIndex]
    camera.followPlayer = spectatePlayer

function OnBindingPressed(player, bindingPressed)
    if bindingPressed == END_SPECTATE_BINDING then
    elseif bindingPressed == NEXT_PLAYER_BINDING then

function OnPlayerNonActiveEvent(player)
    local activePlayers = AAP.GetActivePlayers()
    if #activePlayers == 0 then
    if player == spectatePlayer then



Now that you know how to use the Racing Framework APIs and events. Go ahead and experiment with the various API function that the framework has to offer and try implementing some of your own ideas. Try combing multiple APIs and using multiple events together.

API Reference

Below is a list of all the functions available in the APIs, it is recommended that you read through the API scripts yourself to understand what each function does but in general the function names are self explanatory.






API.RegisterGameStateManagerServer(stateGetter, stateTimeGetter, stateSetter, stateTimeSetter)
API.RegisterGameStateManagerClient(stateGetter, stateTimeGetter)



API.SetPlayerTotalRaceTimeSeconds(player, seconds)
API.SetPlayerWayPointIndex(player, index)
API.SetPlayerCurrentLap(player, lap)
API.SetPlayerRaceState(player, state)
API.SetPlayerRank(player, rank)
API.RegisterRaceTrack(id, functionTable)
API.GetRaceTrackWayPointPositionByIndex(raceTrackId, index)
API.GetRaceTrackWayPointIndex(raceTrackId, wayPoint)
API.GetNormalizedRelativeDistance(position, startPosition, endPosition)
API.CalculatePlayerDistanceOnRaceTrack(player, raceTrackId)
API.GetPlayerWayPointIndex(player, raceTrackId)
API.GetNormalizedRelativeDistance(playerPosition, position, nextPosition)
API.GetNormalizedRelativeDistance(playerPosition, position, lastPosition)


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